World's best cycling cities

Kudrenok Tatyana
25 August 2014, 04:13

World's best cycling cities

NEW YORK. KAZINFORM - If you're taking a strict view on the world's most bike-friendly cities, the eventual list would mainly take in a smallish patch of northwest Europe.

One such rating table, produced by the Denmark-based cycling advocacy group Copenhagnize, has more than half its top 20 bike-friendly places clustered around the Netherlands, France, Germany and Denmark.
Instead, we'll spread our net more widely, rewarding aspiration, ambition and progress, as well as just endless ranks of smiling cyclists pedaling sensible bikes on segregated paths.
Utrecht, Netherlands
Lists such as this one traditionally begin with Amsterdam, but while the Netherlands' most populous city is definitely bike friendly, we're marking it down for the hordes of wobbling tourists on bright-red rental machines.
Instead we're heading southeast to Utrecht, a city that has a fair claim to being the globe's most pro-two-wheel destination, Kazinform cites CNN.
In its center, up to 50% of all journeys take place in the saddle and local authorities are building a 12,500-space cycle parking facility billed as the world's biggest.
As in all Dutch cities, visitors from places with a more belligerent traffic culture might be struck at how normal it all feels.
Cycling in Utrecht is treated on par with walking, with helmets and high-visibility garments rarely used, not least because of the protection offered by segregated cycle lanes.
One well known English cycle blogger, Mark Treasure, was struck by the range in ages on a visit to Utrecht.
"I find it hard to imagine children this young cycling into the center of any UK city at all, let alone cycling in and looking so happy and relaxed, and so ordinary," he writes.
"Yet in Utrecht, families cycling around together is commonplace."
Seville, Spain
Seville is the answer to those who say promoting urban bike use is too ambitious and takes decades.
In 2006, the Andalusian capital's government, vexed by the city's four daily rush hours (yes, four! This is siesta-taking southern Spain) decided to take action.
There was plenty of naysaying.
Critics pointed out Spain has scant tradition of commuter cycling.
Some questioned who would ride in midsummer through Europe's hottest regions and risk arriving at work as damp as if they'd just pedaled through a mechanical car wash.
Undaunted, the city established about 50 miles of cycle lanes within a year (there's now about 80 miles) and commissioned a municipal bike rental plan called Sevici.
The result?
Within about six years, journeys made by bike shot from less than 0.5% to about 7%, and city transportation chiefs from around the world suddenly had the perfect excuse to arrange week-long fact-finding trips in the sun.
By long tradition one of the few North American cities in these sort of lists, Montreal began constructing bike paths in the 1980s and now has almost 400 miles of them.
The addition of its popular and pioneering Bixi municipal bike-share plan, the model for those later rolled out in Paris and London, has meant a remarkable amount of cycle use, especially for a place where daytime winter temperature above 10 C (50 F) is viewed as dangerously tropical.
Cycling stats for Montreal indicate the city still has work to do and cycle groups say too many riders are nudged onto busy roads.
One survey says nearly half the city's adult population rides a bike at least once a week, yet little more than 2% of commutes are made on two wheels.
"The challenge is that we have asked people to start using their bicycles and they've done it so much faster than we've been able to change the city," Aref Salem, the person in charge of mass transit on Montreal's executive committee, told the Toronto Star recently.
Copenhagen, Denmark
Much like ignoring France on a roster of great cheese countries, a list of top cycling cities excluding Copenhagen just wouldn't be right.
More than half the locals in the Danish capital cycle to work or school, and with an estimated bike population of 650,000 there are slightly more cycles than people.
Enough of these are available to rent to tourists, and Copenhagen's compact dimensions and tolerant traffic make it perfect to explore by bike.
City leaders are intent not just on increasing bike use further, but exporting the Copenhagen doctrine of a segregated and safe bike infrastructure that features bike lanes of up to three meters (about 10 feet) in width.
There's an official Cycling Embassy of Denmark to spread the word, while the founder of the aforementioned Copenhagenize group, Mikael Colville-Andersen, spends much of his working life telling other cities how to copy the Danish model.

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