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ISHANBAY KARAKULOV

10 January 2010 18:40
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ISHANBAY KARAKULOV

Ishanbay Karakulov (1909-1992) was a scientist, epidemiologist, public and state figure. Doctor for medical sciences, professor, member-correspondent of the Kazakh Academy of Sciences, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of USSR, honored worker of sciences of the Kazakh SSR and Karakalpak ASSR, labor veteran and participant of the Great Patriotic War.

He was born in Oilsk municipality of Aktobe region. He studied at three-year Kazakh boarding school in Orenburg, then at the preparatory division of the Kazakh secondary medical school in Uralsk.

He graduated from Kazakh Medical Institute and postgraduate courses of the institute. After graduation in 1937 he was appointed people's healthcare commissar of the Kazakh SSR. The same year he was elected the deputy of Supreme Soviet of USSR of the first convocation (1937-1946).

In 1950-1954 he was a healthcare minister of the Kazakh SSR. He worked at Kazakh Medical Institute, was the director of the Kazakh Research Institute of endemic medicine.

He studied pathogenesis of epidemic process, infection diseases and developed scientific basis for their liquidation.

I. Karakulov was one of the organizers for healthcare and cultural development in Kazakhstan. He was an outstanding researcher in epidemic biology, microbiology of dangerous infections and immunology, expert at the UN WHO, and etc.

He took an active part in creation and development of several medical-preventive and sanirtary-epidemiological institutions, high medical institutions of the country. In 1946 he organized the chair of epidemiology at Almaty medical institute headed by him till 1988.

For his great services before the Soviet science he was awarded with the Order of People's Friendship, medals and certificates of merit of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR, Karakalpak ASSR, "Knowledge" Community, Ministry of Healthcare of USSR.

Source: Kazakhstan, National Encyclopedia, Volume 5.


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