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15 January 2010 18:07
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Gabit Musrepov (1902-1985) was an outstanding Kazakh writer, state and public figure, one of the founders of the national dramaturge, translator, historian, critic, academician of the Academy of Science of Kazakhstan, Hero of Socialistic Labor, laureate of Abay State Prize of the Kazakh SSR, Sh. Valikhanov Prize, writer of Kazakhstan, chairman of the Kazakh Writers Guild.

He was born in Zhanazhol village of Presnygorkovsky municipality in Kostanay region (now Zhambyl municipality of North-Kazakhstan Oblast).

In 1916 he entered the two-form academy, then he entered the Russian school of the 2nd stage which he finished in 1921. He also graduated from Orenburg working faculty. In 1927-1928 he worked as the teacher in Burabaisk (Shchuchinsk) secondary technical school of forestry.

In 1928-1933 he was the editor-in-chief of Kazisdat; in 1934-1935 - the editor of "Sotsialistyk Kazakhstan" Newspaper (Yegemen Kazakhstan); during 1936-1937 he was the head of the sector for Central Committee of Communist Party of Kazakhstan.

In 1938-1956 he was the member of the Board of the Kazakh Writers Guild. In 1956-1957 he was the editor-in-chief of "Shmel" magazine, in 1957-1966 - the chairman of the Board of the Kazakh Writers Guild.

In 1958 he was elected the Secretary of the Writers Guild of USSR, member of the State Committee of USSR for Lenin and State prizes in literature, art and architecture.

His first story "Tulagan Tolkynda" called a great interest. It was devoted to the problem of civil war, told about the people, who lived at revolutionary time, about their struggle for freedom and happiness. He also actively worked in dramaturge. In 1936 he jointly with Vsevolod Ivanov and Beimbet Mailin wrote a scenario for the first Kazakh feature film "Amangeldy".

G. Musrepov is the author of such large literary creations as 'Amangeldy' (1935), 'Kozy Korpesh - Bayan Sulu' (1939), 'The Soldier from Kazakhstan' (1945), 'Akan-Seri - Aktokty' (1966), "The Poet's Tragedy", 'Maira' and other stories and novels.

He also studied the problems of development of modern literature, peculiarities of the featured literature's language and mastery of writers. He translated the works of famous writers as O. Henry, S. Tagarao, M. Gorky. M. Sholohov. W. Shakespeare, K. Simonov. A. Stein, J. Moliere and others into Kazakh language.

He took an active part in social-political life of Kazakhstan and former USSR. He was repeatedly elected to the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR and USSR.

He was awarded with three Lenin Orders, two Orders of the Red Labor Banner, Orders of People's Friendship and October Revolution as well as several medals.

In 1974 he received the rank of Honorable Resident of Petropavlovsk city.

One of the streets in Astana city, North-Kazakhstan Oblast and the Kazakh State Theatre of Almaty city received his name.

In 1991 his house-museum where he lived was opened.

Source: Kazakhstan, National Encyclopedia, Volume 4.

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